STEM stands for science, technology, engineering and math. This core set of so-called "21st-century skills" form the tools students will need to have if they want to succeed in the workplace of the future. In this ever-changing, increasingly complex world, it's more critical than ever that the youth of our country are prepared to bring knowledge and skills to solve problems of all kinds, make sense of information, know how to gather and evaluate evidence, and be able to use that evidence to make critical decisions. STEM ensures a nation where our future leaders, neighbors, and workers know how to understand and solve some of the most complex challenges of today and tomorrow, as they continue to meet the demands of a dynamic and evolving workforce. The U. S. Department of Commerce states that STEM occupations are growing at a rate of 17 percent, while other occupations are growing closer to nine percent. STEM degree holders tend to have a higher income even in non-STEM careers. Students and workers skilled in STEM play a key role in the sustained growth and stability of this country's economy, and remain a vital part of helping the United States win the future. In short, STEM education creates critical thinkers, increases science literacy, and fuels the next generation of innovators.
Why STEM is Important for Both Sexes
STEM education is inherently designed to prepare both girls and boys for a future where most jobs will require a basic understanding of math and science, and where advanced skills will be critical. Children of both sexes will be needed in order to use the technology that powers the world.
STEM is important for both boys and girls for these reasons:
- Preparation of future jobs
- Break down gender barriers
- Tackle pressing issues such as climate change
- Build confidence
- Develop valuable life skills
- Challenge boundaries
- Invest in the future
Why STEM is Especially Important for Girls
STEM careers have a stigma as male-dominated fields. Yet for the first time in history, girls are exceeding their male classmates in both science and math. They are showing an even greater aptitude for the STEM classes, challenging that very stigma every single day. Girls who major in STEM go on to become CEOs of companies, leaders of industry and respected professionals -- no longer titles reserved just for men.
Diversity in the STEM work force has come a long way. As our country has rapidly transformed into an information-based economy, employment in STEM occupations has grown – indeed outpacing overall job growth. Since 1990, STEM employment has grown 79 percent and computer jobs have seen a 338 percent increase during the same period, according to Pew Research Center.